Wenge - Grows in the Congo. Pronounced WHEN-ghay, the wood has excellent strength and hardness properties. It is listed as endangered due to a decline in its natural range. Difficult to work with blunts tool edges. Elasticity 1,550,000 lbf/in2 - Hardness 1,930 - 54 Weight per cubic foot
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Koa - Exclusive to the Hawaiian Islands. It is the second most abundant tree on the islands. Koa is rare at market. All Koa trees are protected. They can only be harvested after it falls naturally. life span is 100 years. Elasticity 1,503,000 lbf/in2 - Hardness 1,170 - Weight per Cubic foot 38 lbs
Mahogany ( Swietenia ) - Originally exported from Cuba until 1846. Reputable builders only use Swietenia Mahogany, grown on plantations in Honduras. China has never manufactured a production guitar with authentic mahogany. The difference is apples and oranges. Elasticity 1,458,000 lbf/in2 - Hardness 900 - Weight per cubic foot 37 lbs.
Purpleheart - Grows in the rain forests of Central and South America. This wood is famous for destroying drill bits and blades in a a very short time. If you had to build a vehicle bridge from wood. you would want to use Purpleheart. Elasticity 2,937,000 lbf/in2 - Hardness 2,520 - weight per cubic foot 56 lbs.
Pau Ferro - Grows in Bolivia and Brazil. Also referred to by liars and salesmen as Bolivian Rosewood. It is not the same species in any way but has similar sound qualities. Elasticity 1,573,000 lbf/in2 - Hardness 1,960 weight per cubic foot 54 lbs.
Guitar Wood Encyclopedia
Ebony ( Macassar) - Grown in remote jungle mountains of Indonesia. Regardless of It's fast growth and abundance, This species has fallen victim to corruption and politics. Elasticity 2,515,000 lbf/in2 - Hardness 3,222 - Weight per cubic foot 70 lbs.
Maple ( Rock ) - Grows predominately in Eastern United States. Rock Maple is stronger than Bigleaf Maple although both are used for their great tone qualities. Elasticity 1,830,000 lbf/in2 - Hardness 1,450 - Weight per cubic foot 44 lbs.
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Bubinga - An African hardwood that grows on the west side of the continent including the Congo. 3% of the population will have allergic reaction. signs are irritation. Elasticity 2,670,000 lbf/in2 - Hardness 2,410 - Weight per cubic foot 56 lbs.
I LEARNED ABOUT MY BUBINGA ALLERGY HERE.